|Recent advances in mediation analysis with high-dimensional omics mediators
|9:30 am - 10:30 am
|Zoom Meeting (please refer to seminar PDF)
|Professor Peng Wei
Environmental exposures can regulate intermediate molecular phenotypes, such as the transcriptome, metabolome and microbiome, by various mechanisms and thereby lead to different health outcomes. It is of significant scientific interest to unravel the role of potentially high-dimensional intermediate phenotypes in the relationship between environmental exposure and health traits. Mediation analysis is an important tool for investigating such relationships. However, there are many unique challenges facing high-dimensional mediation analysis with these emerging “omics” mediators. To this end, we extended an R-squared (R2) total mediation effect size measure for continuous outcomes, originally proposed in the single-mediator setting, to the moderate- and high-dimensional mediator settings in the mixed model framework (Yang et al, BMC Bioinformatics 2021). I will introduce some recent advances in R2-based mediation analysis with high-dimensional omics mediators, including speeding up confidence interval estimation based on asymptotic results, extension to time-to-event outcomes, and real data applications to the Framingham Heart Study.